Infertility: Its Definition and Causes

Infertility is identified as the inability to handle a pregnancy to full term, even having consistent, unprotected sexual intercourse for no less than a year normally or 6 months in particular situations but that doesn’t signify you may certainly never have a child. Getting pregnant isn’t that simple even to those who don’t have fertility issues.


Majority of infertility is caused by physical health problems within a male or female’s reproductive system. Generally, one-third of infertility issues are often linked to fertility concerns of women, one-third on man and one-third with either the two of them are currently the reason behind infertility isn’t found.


Causes of Infertility on Men

Abnormal Semen

  • Really low sperm count or absolutely no sperm at all (Oligospermia)
  • Inability of sperm to swim towards the egg (Asthenospermia)
  • Abnormal sperm shape (Teratospermia)


Ejaculation Problems

  • Retrograde ejaculation happens when semen gets into the bladder during the course of orgasm rather than coming throughout the tip of the penis, might result from several situations:
  • Diabetes and Multiple Sclerosis
  • Spinal cord injury or possibly surgery
  • Surgical procedures to the lower portion of the bladder or maybe prostate
  • Drug treatments like alpha blockers oversized prostate glands, tranquilizers, some antipsychotics and also blood pressure prescribed medicines can also contribute to temporary retrograde ejaculation
  • Aging
  • Premature ejaculation where in ejaculation happens too quickly.


Hormonal Problems

  • Hormonal conditions have several probable primary reasons; where in some cases the pituitary gland couldn’t provide the correct hormonal information in the direction of testes that lead to both low androgenic hormone levels together with an inability of the testes to generate sperm.
  • Hypogonadism is in fact the unusual lowest level of testosterone; it might be caused by a tumor, making use of illegal drugs.


Genetic Disorders

  • Klinefelter’s Syndrome is an uncommon genetic situation in which a male is born having an additional female chromosome.
  • Cystic fibrosis leads to absent or even blocked Vasa deferentia.
  • Kartagener Syndrome is an uncommon hereditary disorder resulted by a gene defect.
  • Polycystic kidney disease is known as a genetic disorder where groups of cysts progress mostly inside your kidneys.


Lifestyle Underlying Factors

  • Alcohol consumptions, having an excessive amount of alcohol can harm the level of quality of your sperm
  • Smoking
  • Bicycling has an effect on erectile function
  • Stress might lead to a reduction of sexual interest
  • Testicular Overheating, regular usage of saunas and also hot tubs will temporarily lessen your sperm count
  • Illegal Drug use
  • Weight problems or overweight decreases both male and female fertility

Causes of Infertility on Women

Ovulation Disorders

  • Obstruct or stop the ovaries from producing eggs


Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

  • It is an infection inside the pelvis or one, if not more, within the reproductive organs such as the ovaries, the fallopian tubes, cervix as well as the uterus.
  • Primarily is caused by exactly the same bacteria that result in sexually transmitted diseases, just like gonorrhea or Chlamydia.



  • Woman’s fertility is reduced forcefully when you reach the age of 35


Uterus and Fallopian Tubes

  • If for example the womb or even the fallopian tubes are destroyed, or maybe stop functioning, it might be quite difficult to become pregnant naturally
  • There are also complications with the opening around the cervix or cervical mucus or irregularities in the shape or cavity on the uterus



  • The term for a disease where parts of the uterine lining implant within the vagina, ovaries, fallopian tubes or pelvis.
  • May possibly affect the method in which a follicle grows and produces an egg.


Thyroid Issues

  • Problems of the thyroid gland, sometimes excessive thyroid hormone (hyperthyroidism) or maybe not enough (hypothyroidism), may disrupt the menstrual period or to lead to infertility.


Medicine and Drugs

  • Lots of drug treatments, for instance antibiotics, antidepressants, together with pain killers would bring on the subject of temporary infertility.
  • Illegal use of drugs including marijuana and cocaine can certainly cause problems for fertility that makes ovulation more difficult.



  • A number of diseases like diabetes, kidney disease and hypertension can cause infertility.


Being exposed to several pesticides or herbicides, metals and substances have an effect on fertility in both male and female


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