Medications Used for Infertility
For women with ovulation disorders, fertility drugs still remain as the primary treatment and they are mostly taken orally or through injection. In general, these medications are very effective since it causes a release of the hormones that regulate or trigger ovulation.
Even if you are using other reproductive techniques such as vitro fertilization, fertility drugs are still considered an essential part of your treatment. Since the names and numbers of these infertility medications seem to be a bit dizzying, here are some of facts about the drugs that physicians commonly prescribe.
Clomid or Serophene for Infertility
Infertility – Clomid or Clomiphene Citrate is the first choice for infertility treatment because of how effective it still is for the past 25 years. This is the medication that is usually given for women who are not having a regular ovulation. Clomid and Serophene are the brand names for clomiphene and they are anti-estrogen drugs.
The result of taking this drug is to cause the pituitary and hypothalamus gland in the brain to release the hormones that helps stimulates the ovaries to release the eggs. It is also used along with some assisted reproductive techniques or artificial insemination to further enhance the treatment.
Use – The starting dosage for clomiphene is 50mg per day for 5 days. The first pill is usually taken between 3 to 5 days after your period has started. You are expected to start ovulating about 7 days after you have taken your last drug dosage. If ever you don’t start ovulating, your dosage will be increased by 50mg per day each month up to 150mg.
Once you have started ovulating, doctors would then suggest that you take clomiphene for no longer than 6 months. If you haven’t become pregnant after 6 months, that’s the time that the doctor will prescribe you with other medications and then refer you to an infertility specialist.
Effectiveness – Between 60% – 80% of women taking clomiphene will start to ovulate and half of them will become pregnant due to the drug. Most pregnancies will usually occur within 3 cycles.
Side Effects – The side effects that are experienced when taking clomiphene are very mild. It includes problems such as nausea, blurred vision, headache and bloating. Clomid can cause changes to the cervical mucus which can be difficult to tell if you’re fertile and may inhibit the entry of sperm in the uterus. Another thing that Clomid can cause is increase chances of multiple births but then it is less likely to cause problems than some injectable hormones out there.
Injectable Hormones for Infertility
If Clomid alone isn’t successful for you then doctors will additionally recommend some injectable hormones to help trigger ovulation. Some of the types are:
- Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG)
- Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)
- Human Menopausal Gonadotropin (hMG)
- Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone (GnRH)
- Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone Agonist (GnRH agonist)
- Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone Antagonist (GnRH antagonist)
So if ever you are having difficulties in trying to conceive, make sure to visit your general practitioner as soon as you can. With the information in this article, you will now be familiar to what your general practitioner will prescribe you with.